Arsenal (Kruithuis) and Market Square

Erf 6194 

Address

Market Square 

Date built

"1777 (Philip Hartog & Lambert Fick contractors, Michael Rambusch builder)" 

Use

Museum 

Style

Cape Vernacular 

Architectual period

Cape Dutch  

Type of building

Military 

General evaluation

Outstanding 

Suggested grading

Present NHRA protection

Previous National Monument (1940) 

Zoning

Residential Zone I 

Date of survey

November 2009 

Reference no.

13.01B 

Description

"Small barrel-vaulted building with two storeys inside. Moulded cornice and pilasters beneath vault, and VOC monogram on one end. Pedimented bell-tower on north side. Surrounded by high capped wall with capped posts and arched gateway with vases.Behind the building is a heap of cannon raised on timber blocks. The historic market square has been all but destroyed by the incursions of traffic and parking. The Arsenal now stands on a grassed traffic island, recently even further eroded to provide more parking behind the building." 

History

"The need for an arsenal for the storage of ammunition was urged by the Stellenbosch Burgerkrygsraad as early as 1686, but the tender was not awarded until 1776. Philip Hartog and Lambert Fick won the tender but the builder was actually Michael Rambusch, a German mason in the service of the Company. The building was completed in only 182 days and handed over on 5 May 1777. The bell-tower was built at some time after 1779. It was used as a magazine for centuries. The space between the building and the wall on the south side was roofed over and housed the Stellenbosch fire brigade. By the end of the 19th C the Arsenal was in use as a market building serving the adjacent market square. After its declaration as a national monument it was restored by the Town Council and now houses a small collection of historic fire-arms. (Oberholster and Fransen & Cook)" 

Alterations

See History. 

Social History

 


Significance in terms of NHRA

 
Very
Significant
Significant
Some
Significance
No
Significance
Not
Assessed
Historical
 
 
 
 
 
Rarity
 
 
 
 
 
Aesthetical
 
 
 
 
 
Technological
 
 
 
 
 
Cultural
 
 
 
 
 
Social History
 
 
 
 
 
Slave History
 
 
 
 
 

Circa

1750 - 1799 

Admin area

Stellenbosch 

Allotment

Stellenbosch 

Linked to erf/erven

 

Linked address

 

NHRA protection

Previous National Monument (1940) 

Environment

Part of the historic Braak. 

Sect 27.2 Is the building/site a Provinical Heritage Site?
 
Sect 27.3 Is the building/site a Previous National Monument?
 
Sect 28 Will any dev affect the prot or views of or from a Gr 1 or Gr 2 site?
 
Sect 34 Is the building/structure older than 60 years?
 
Sect 35 Is the site a declared archeological/palaeontological site?
 
Sect 36 Does the site contain any graves or is it a burial ground?
 
Sect 37 Does the site contain any public monuments or memorials?
 


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